Panay is an island in the Philippines located in the Visayas. Politically, it is divided into four provinces: Aklan, Antique, Capiz, and Iloilo, all in the Western Visayas region. It is located southeast of the island of Mindoro and northwest of Negros, separated by the Guimaras Strait. Between Negros and Panay lies the island-province of Guimaras. To the north is the Sibuyan Sea and the islands of Romblon; to the southwest is the Sulu Sea and the Panay Gulf.
The island has many rivers including Akean, Banica, Iloilo, and Panay.
Panay is the setting of the famous legend of Maragtas, which chronicled the arrival of the Malay race to the Philippine islands.
The island lent its name to several United States Navy vessels named USS Panay, mostly famously the one sunk in 1937 by the Japanese in the Panay incident.
- Location : South East Asia
- Coordinates : 11°09′N 122°29′E / 11.15°N 122.483°E / 11.15; 122.483
- Archipelago : Visayas
- Area : 12,011 km²
- Highest point : Mount Madias (2117 m)
- Country : Philippines
- Province : Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Iloilo
- Largest city : Iloilo (pop. 418,710)
- Demographics : Population 3,973,877 (as of 2007 census)
- Density : 330.85 /km2 (856.9 /sq mi)
- Ethnic groups : Ati, Visayan (Aklanon, Capiznon, Caluyanon, Hiligaynon, Karay-a)
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